Accueil > Cours et Séminaires > M. Ariel & J. Du Bois : Two courses on Pragmatics and Semantics

M. Ariel & J. Du Bois : New Directions in Pragmatics and Semantics (June 25-29)

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This course presents a specific view of the state of the art in pragmatics, semantics, and especially the division of labor between them.

New Directions in Pragmatics and Semantics (June 25-29)

Mira Ariel & John W. DuBois

This course presents a specific view of the state of the art in pragmatics, semantics, and especially the division of labor between them. The foundations of the course are based on two recent books by Ariel, Pragmatics and Grammar (2008) and Defining Pragmatics (2010). We focus on synchronic aspects of meaning interpretation, drawing extensively on linguistic examples taken from naturally occurring discourse. We begin by setting the stage with an assessment of the current status of classical questions about implicatures, explicatures, ‘what is said’, and the nature of pragmatic inference (lectures 1, 2). We then take up the recently developed theory of dialogic syntax, considered as an aspect of the structure of engagement in interaction ; it is contrasted with traditional linear, sentential syntax (lecture 3 ; cf. DuBois, forthcoming). This leads to a pragmatic view of the linguistic act of taking a stance, encompassing evaluation, positioning, and alignment (lecture 4 ; DuBois 2007). Finally we examine the rising practice of scholarly argumentation from discourse to semantic claims, proposing to clarify the distinction between appropriate vs. fallacious uses of the method (lecture 5).

  • Types of pragmatic inferences (MA)
    • Sperber & Wilson (1995), Ch. 4
    • Carston (2002), §2.3
    • Ariel (2008), Ch. 3
  • Dialogic syntax : The structure of engagement (JD)
    • DuBois (forthcoming) “Towards a dialogic syntax”
    • Branigan, Pickering & Cleland (2000)
  • The stance triangle : Evaluation, positioning, and alignment (JD)
    • DuBois (2007)
  • Semantics and the argument from discourse (MA)
    • Ariel (2008), §3.2